Ruby Range Fishing Lodge

Put your fishing gear and camera to the test at Ruby Range Wilderness & Fishing Lodge.

Ridge Lake Trapline

Cross to the wild side and come live a Yukon winter experience at Ridge Lake, our remote fly-in trapline.

Black Bear Hunting

Spring Hunt (Year - 2011)

Black Bear: May 1 to June 15 10 days ................. can. $ 3,500
* Second Bear: ................. can. $ 1,200
(If a hunt is successful, please add on an extra $3,000 to cover trophy fee.)

Base Cost Includes:

Not Included in Price:

For full rate and hunting schedule information please click here.

North American Black Bear

Although all live in North America, the American black bear, brown bear, polar bears were not closely related, genetic studies show that they split from a common ancestor 5.05 million years. Both the American and Asiatic black bears are considered sister taxa and closely related than other species of bears.

A little bear is Ursus abstrusus primitive called the oldest known North American member of the genus Ursus fossils, dating back 4.95 million years. This suggests that U. abstrusus the direct ancestor of the American black bear, which was developed in North America. Although still considered Wolverton and Lyman U. vita a stabilized precursor "apparent to modern black bears, is also located in U. americanus.

The ancestors of the American black bears and Asiatic black bear broke away from the sun is 4.58 million years. The American black bear was separated from the Asiatic black bear 4.08 million years. The oldest fossils of the American black bear, which is based in Port Kennedy, Pennsylvania, are very similar to the Asian species, although some specimens grew later the size similar to the Grizzlies. From the Holocene to present, the American black bear seems to have been reduced in size , but this has been questioned because of problems with the aging of these fossil specimens.

The American black bear lived in the same period as the short-faced bears (Arctodus pristinus and A. simus) and the Florida bear (Tremarctos floridanus). This Tremarctine bears evolved from bears that had migrated from Asia to North America 7-8 m . The short-faced bears are thought to have been carnivorous, FL more herbivorous spectacled bear, while American black bears are omnivores trees remained, like their Asian ancestors. The conduct of general black bear has allowed a greater variety of food and take a reason why this only three genera, climatic and vegetative changes and survived the last ice age, while other more specialized North America died predators. Yet both had Arctodus ornatus and survived several other ice ages. After this prehistoric Ursids died during the last ice age 10,000 years ago, black bears were probably the only species of bear found in much of North America until the arrival of brown bears for the rest of the continent.

The skulls of American black bears are large, with a big mouth and small jaw hinges. Females are usually thinner and more pointed faces than males. Their claws are usually black or dark gray. The claws are short and rounded, which is thick at the base and tapering to a point. The nails of both the front and rear legs are almost identical in length, although foreclaws tend to be more strongly curved. The hind legs are longer than that of the Asiatic black bear. The tail is usually 4.8 inches (12 cm) long. The ears are small and round, and well back on the head set. The soles are black or brown, and are naked, leathery and deeply wrinkled. Black bears are very smart, able to open jars with screw and door handle to close. Black bears have good eyesight and are able to experimentally demonstrate that the visual tasks of discrimination based on color as quickly as chimpanzees and dogs to learn. They are also able to quickly learn various shapes, such as small triangles, circles and squares. They also have a great physical strength, which is known to run on the flat stones in the form of a weight of 310-325 pounds (140-147 kilograms) of them agree to a foreleg. in an elegant, rhythmic and strength and can run at speeds of 25-30 mph (40-50 km / h).

Winter Hibernation

Black bears are not true hibernators, but they are less active and is a dormant during the winter months. This is sometimes called seasonal lethargy. Black bears go to their dens in October and November. Before that time, they gain about 30 kilos of body fat to survive seven months of fasting. The Black Bears dormant winter usually lasts 3-5 months. During this time, lowers the heart rate 40-50 beats per minute up to 8 beats per minute. They spend their time in burrows in the cavities of hollow trees, under logs or rocks, in banks, caves, sewers, and in shallow depressions. The females, however, proved to be selective when choosing clubs, compared with men. A special hormone leptin is released into their systems in order to suppress the appetite. Because they do not urinate or defecate during latency, waste nitrogen is biochemically to carry the body back into its proteins. This also helps prevent muscle loss, since the process uses waste products to build muscle for long periods of inactivity. Although not eat, drink, defecate or urinate at this time. Compared with true hibernators, their body does not significantly decrease (staying around 35 degrees Celsius) and remain somewhat alert and active. If the winter is mild enough, you can wake up in search of food. The women also gave birth in February and raise their young until the snow melts. During the winter, black bears consume 25-40% of their body weight. foot pads removed during sleep, leading to new tissue. Following from their dens in spring winter, roaming their territory for two weeks for your metabolism gets used to the activity. They look dead carcasses in the winter and new shoots of many plant species, especially wetland plants. In mountainous areas, looking for clues from the south at lower altitudes for forage and move to the north and east slopes at higher elevations in the summer progresses. Black bears use dense cover for hiding and thermal protection as well as for the beds.

Hunting Black Bear

In the past, black bear were hunted by native populations and European settlers. Some Indian tribes, admiring the intelligence of black bears that adorn the heads of bears killed them with trinkets, and put them in the blankets. Snuff smoke would be floating in the nostrils of the bodiless head of the hunter killing blow, the animal and handed complement its value. The typical black Kutchin has hunted during their hibernation cycle. Unlike winter hunting Grizzlies, who had produced a risk, the black bear took longer to wake up, and it is safer and easier. [8] During the European colonization of eastern North America, thousands of black bears were hunted for their meat, skin and fat.

Unless properly trained, many horses were useless in the hunt for black bear, because bears often instinctively ran when bears stood their ground. In 1799, 192 000 black bear skins were exported from Quebec. In 1822 were 3,000 sheets of the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1992, raw, prepared and salted hides the black bear sold for an average of $ 165.

In Canada, the black bear is seen as a big game and furbearer species in all provinces except New Brunswick and the Northwest Territories, where they are solely classified as big game. There are 80 822 licensed black bear hunters across Canada. Black bear hunting will during fall and winter, and both the male and female bears can be legally taken, although some provinces to ban the hunting of females with cubs or yearlings.